The IRIS Shell: "How to Build ITSs from Pedagogical and Design Requisites"

Abstract : The goal we pursue in our research is to build a shell for helping human instructors to develop intelligent teaching-learning systems in a wide range of domains. We aim to provide a system where a previously defined architecture can be adapted automatically into a new tutor using a set of instructor-generated requirements. Trying to provide a sound basis for this tool, we use a theory of instruction that integrates cognitive processes, instructional events and instructional actions within a three-level framework that relates them. In this paper we extract, through the analysis of both the cognitive theory and the generic architecture, the requirements of the different components of a tutor and integrate them in IRIS (IRakaste-Ikaste Sistema; Teaching-Learning System), a shell for building teaching-learning systems. Moreover, we embed these requirements, cognitive principles, and design requisites in a shell in order that human instructors can follow them easily. Various design issues and an example of building a tutor for mathematical differentiation using IRIS are presented. (http://aied.inf.ed.ac.uk/members/archive/vol_8/arruate/full.html)
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Ana Arruarte, Isabel Fernández-Castro, Begoña Ferrero, Jim E. Greer. The IRIS Shell: "How to Build ITSs from Pedagogical and Design Requisites". International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education (IJAIED), 1997, 8, pp.341-381. ⟨hal-00197387⟩

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