M. Artigue, Epistémologie et didactique, 1991.

P. Baffes and R. Mooney, Refinement-Based Student Modeling and Automated Bug Library Construction, Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, vol.7, issue.1, pp.75-117, 1996.

N. Balacheff and N. Gaudin, Students conceptions: an introduction to a formal characterization Cahier du laboratoire Leibniz # 65, 2002.

G. Brousseau, Theory of didactical situations in mathematics, 1997.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00699759

B. G. Buchanan and E. H. Shortliffe, Rule-Based Expert Systems, The Mycin experiments of the Stanford Heuristic Programming Project, 1984.

K. R. Koedinger, J. R. Anderson, W. H. Hadley, and M. A. Mark, Intelligent tutoring goes to school in the big city, International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, vol.8, pp.30-43, 1997.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00197383

S. Jean, E. Delozanne, P. Jacobini, and . Grugeon, A diagnostic based on a qualitative model of competence in elementary algebra, pp.491-498, 1999.

J. F. Nicaud, D. Bouhineau, and C. H. , Mixing microworld and CAS features in building computer systems that help students to learn algebra, in Int, Journal of Computers for Mathematical Learning, vol.9, issue.2, 2004.

E. Sander, J. F. Nicaud, H. Chachoua, and M. C. Croset, From usage analysis to automatic diagnosis: The case of the learning of algebra, AIED Workshop on Usage Analysis in Learning Systems. Ibidem, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00190370

C. Webber, S. Pesty, and N. Balacheff, A multi-agent and emergent approach to learner modelling, Proceedings of ECAI, 2001.