C. Alexander, S. Ishikawa, M. Silverstein, M. Jacobson, I. Fiksdahl-king et al., A Pattern Language, 1977.

E. Aronson and R. Thibodeau, The Jigsaw classroom: a cooperative strategy for an educational psychology course, Cultural diversity and the schools, pp.231-256, 1992.

P. Dillenbourg, Over-Scripting CSCL: The risks of blending collaborative learning with instructional design, Inaugural Address, Three Worlds of CSCL. Can We Support CSCL, pp.61-91, 2002.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00190230

P. Goodyear, P. Avgeriou, R. Baggetun, S. Bartoluzzi, S. Retalis et al., Towards a pattern language for networked learning, Proceedings of the Networked learning, pp.449-455, 2004.

D. Griffiths and J. Blat, The Role of Teachers in Editing and Authoring Units of Learning Using IMS Learning Design, Advanced Technology for Learning, 2005.
DOI : 10.2316/Journal.208.2005.4.208-0867

D. Griffiths, J. Blat, R. García, H. Vogten, and K. Kwong, Learning Design Tools, Learning Design, a Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training, pp.109-135, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-27360-3_7

D. Hernández-leo, J. I. Asensio-pérez, Y. Dimitriadis, M. L. Bote-lorenzo, I. M. Jorrín-abellán et al., Reusing IMS-LD Formalized Best Practices in Collaborative Learning Structuring, Advanced Technology for Learning, 2005.
DOI : 10.2316/Journal.208.2005.4.208-0865

P. Jermann, A. Soller, and A. Lesgold, Computer Software Support for CSCL, What we know about CSCL and implementing it in higher education, pp.141-166, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/1-4020-7921-4_6

D. W. Johnson and R. T. Johnson, Learning together and alone: cooperative, competitive and individualistic learning (5 th Ed, 1999.

P. Karampiperis and D. Sampson, Designing learning services for open learning systems utilizing Learning Design, Proceedings of the 4 th IASTED International Conference on Web-based Education, pp.279-284, 2005.
DOI : 10.1145/1062745.1062893

R. Koper, An Introduction to Learning Design Learning Design, a Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training, pp.3-20, 2005.

H. Martens and H. Vogten, A Reference Implementation of a Learning Design Engine, Learning Design, a Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training, pp.91-108, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-27360-3_6

A. Martínez, Y. Dimitriadis, E. Gómez, B. Rubia, and P. De-la-fuente, Combining qualitative evaluation and social network analysis for the study of classroom social interactions, Computers & Education, vol.41, issue.4, pp.353-368, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/j.compedu.2003.06.001

Y. Miao, K. Hoeksema, H. U. Hoppe, and A. Harrer, CSCL scripts, Proceedings of the 2005 conference on Computer support for collaborative learning learning 2005: the next 10 years!, CSCL '05, pp.423-432, 2005.
DOI : 10.3115/1149293.1149349

M. Muller and S. Kuhn, Participatory Design, Communications of the ACM, vol.36, issue.4, pp.25-28, 1993.

G. Paquette, I. Teja, M. Leonard, K. Lundgren-cayrol, and O. Marino, An Instructional Engineering Method and Tool for the Design of Units of Learning, Learning Design, a Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training, pp.161-184, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-27360-3_9

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00190666

P. Sloep, H. Hummel, and J. Manderveld, Basic Design Procedures for E-learning Courses, Learning Design, a Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training, pp.139-160, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-27360-3_8

R. E. Stake, The art of case study research, 1995.

J. W. Strijbos, R. L. Martens, and W. M. Jochems, Designing for interaction: Six steps to designing computer-supported group-based learning, Computers & Education, vol.42, issue.4, pp.403-424, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.compedu.2003.10.004

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00703057