Grounding is not shared understanding : distinguishing grounding at an utterance and knowledge level

Abstract : This paper argues that for the study and facilitation of collaborative learning, existing theories of grounding such as that of Clark and Shaefer [5] cannot be applied without adjustments. When comparing collaborative learning and conversation, four dimensions can be identified where grounding at a knowledge level differs from the grounding at an utterance level. Firstly, the indirect access and the existence of a range of manifest meanings, poses the need for a notion of ‘groundedness'. Secondly, we propose providing evidence in ‘co-referenced actions' to be an important process as well as an additional marker to assess grounding. Thirdly, instead of simply repairing misunderstandings after they arise, ‘perspective taking' becomes a more prominent mechanism. Fourthly, effort into grounding is turned from needing to be minimised, into needing to be ‘optimised'.
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https://telearn.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00190089
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Mauro Cherubini, Jakko van der Pol, Pierre Dillenbourg. Grounding is not shared understanding : distinguishing grounding at an utterance and knowledge level. CONTEXT'05, the Fifth International and Interdisciplinary Conference on Modeling and Using Context, 2005, Paris, France. 11 p. ⟨hal-00190089⟩

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