I. Ims, IMS Learning Design Best Practice and Implementation Guide, 2003.

P. Laforcade, F. Barbier, T. Nodenot, and C. Sallaberry, Profiling cooperative problem-based learning situations, The Second IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Informatics, 2003. Proceedings., 2003.
DOI : 10.1109/COGINF.2003.1225950

T. Nodenot, P. Laforcade, C. Marquesuzaà, and C. Sallaberry, «Knowledge Modelling of Co-operative Learning Situations: Towards a UML profile», Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED'2003), pp.20-24, 2003.

G. Paquette, Educational Modeling Language: from an Instructional Engineering Perspective, in an article to be published in a forthcoming handbook, MISA.doc [PERNIN 03] Pernin J.-P., Critères pour une typologie des langages de modélisation pédagogique, 2003.

. Vogten, H. Vogten, and H. Martens, Open Source Learning Design Engine, 2003.